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aau技术书城--水下生产系统手册 详情

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产品参数:

  • ISBN:9787566103499
  • 编著:白 勇 龚顺风 白 强 李清平 金伟良
  • 出版社:哈尔滨工程大学出版社
  • 出版时间:2012年4月
  • 开本:16开

编辑推荐(即内容提要):

水下生产系统是开发深水油气田工程的重要技术,其主要设备包括水下井口头、水下采油树、管汇、跨接管、管线终端以及脐带缆、控制系统、分配系统等。本书作者根据自己三十多年的海洋工程工作经验和相关学术研究,对整个水下生产系统,包括设备的设计(如水下采油树、水下管汇、水下接头、跨接管、管线终端、水下脐带缆、立管与海底管线),油气田的发展规划,脐带缆的铺设,控制系统的设计,各种设计安装过程及安装要求,开发项目管理,成本估算等,都有非常详细的说明和指导,并结合实际工程应用,给出了具体所适用的行业规范实例和数据,为国内发展深海油田项目提供了基础理论依据。

本书可作为海洋结构物工程本科生何研究生选修课教材,也可供流体力学、机械、船舶等相关专业的师生、工程技术人员、科研工作者、设计人员和工程管理人员学习和参考。

目录:

第一部分水下生产系统

第一章 水下工程概况·······················································3

一、引言··································································3

二、水下生产系统··························································5

三、流动保障和系统工程····················································9

四、水下结构和设备························································13

五、水下输送管道··························································16

参考文献··································································16

第二章 水下油田发展·······················································17

一、水下油田开发概述······················································17

二、浅水区和深水区的油气开发··············································18

三、干式采油树和湿式采油树················································18

四、水下回接发展··························································21

五、独立式开发····························································24

六、人工举升法及其限制····················································26

七、水下生产过程··························································29

八、基盘、丛式管和菊链····················································31

九、水下油气井工程的评估··················································34

参考文献

第三章 水下分配系统·······················································39

一、引言··································································39

二、设计参数······························································40

三、水下分配系统各组件的设计要求··········································41

参考文献

第四章 海底勘察、选址及奠基···············································54

一、引言··································································55

二、海底勘察······························································55

三、水下测量与定位························································55

四、海底土壤勘察··························································61

五、水下基础······························································64

参考文献··································································68

第五章 水下安装与安装船要求···············································79

一、引言··································································79

二、典型安装船····························································79

三、安装船的要求和选择····················································85

四、安装定位······························································87

五、安装分析······························································89

参考文献··································································91

第六章 油气田水下生产工程项目成本估算·····································93

一、水下成本估算概述······················································93

二、水下资本开支··························································94

三、成本估算方法··························································96

四、水下设备费用··························································100

五、测试和安装费用························································106

六、项目管理和工程费用····················································109

七、运营费用(OPEX)·······················································109

八、水下生产系统生命周期费用··············································109

九、实例分析-------水下生产开发资本支出预算··································112

参考文献···································································116

第七章 水下控制····························································117

一、概述···································································117

二、控制系统分类···························································118

三、水上设备·······························································123

四、水下控制模块安装基座···················································126

五、水下控制模块···························································126

六、水下传感器·····························································129

七、高完整性压力保护系统···················································132

八、水下生产控制系统·······················································134

九、安装和维修控制系统·····················································137

参考文献···································································138

第八章 水下电源····························································140

一、引言···································································140

二、电力系统·······························································140

三、液压动力单元(HPU)·····················································146

参考文献···································································150

第九章 项目执行与交接管理··················································151

一、简介···································································151

二、项目执行·······························································151

三、交接···································································158

参考文献···································································161

第十章 水下工程的风险及可靠性分析··········································163

一、简介···································································163

二、风险评估·······························································164

三、环境影响评估···························································168

四、项目风险管理···························································170

五、可靠性·································································171

六、故障树分析·····························································175

七、水下失效减少的认定·····················································178

参考文献···································································179

第十一章 水下设备RBI·······················································180

一、简介···································································180

二、目标···································································180

三、水下设备RBI方法························································180

四、管道RBI································································187

五、水下采油树RBI··························································194

六、水下管汇RBI····························································197

七、RBI输出及收益··························································203

参考文献···································································203

第二部分 流动保障和系统工程

第十二章 海底系统工程······················································207

一、简介···································································207

二、典型的流动保障过程·····················································208

三、系统设计和操作·························································214

参考文献···································································217

第十三章 水力学····························································219

一、引言···································································219

二、烃的组成和特性·························································219

三、乳状液·································································223

四、相态···································································226

五、油气流动·······························································229

六、段塞何液体处理·························································239

七、段塞捕集器设计·························································244

八、压力波动·······························································246

九、线路尺寸计算···························································247

参考文献···································································250

第十四章 热传导和隔热······················································253

一、绪论···································································253

二、热传导基础·····························································253

三、U值····································································261

四、稳态热传导·····························································264

五、瞬态热传导·····························································266

六、热管理方案及隔热·······················································269

参考文献···································································282

第十五章 水合物····························································284

一、简介···································································284

二、水合物的物理性质和相特性···············································286

三、水合物防治·····························································292

四、水合物治理技术·························································295

五、水合物控制设计理念·····················································297

六、热力学抑制剂的回收·····················································301

参考文献···································································302

第十六章 蜡和沥青质························································304

一、介绍···································································304

二、石蜡···································································304

三、石蜡管理·······························································309

四、石蜡整治·······························································310

五、沥青质·································································312

六、沥青质控制设计思路·····················································315

参考文献···································································316

第十七章 海洋腐蚀和积垢····················································318

一、引言···································································318

二、管道内部腐蚀···························································319

三、管道外部腐蚀···························································327

四、积垢···································································335

参考文献···································································339

第十八章 侵蚀和砂控制······················································341

一、引言···································································341

二、侵蚀机理·······························································342

三、砂蚀率的估测···························································345

四、阈值速度·······························································348

五、侵蚀控制·······························································352

六、砂管理·································································353

七、渗透率计算实例·························································357

参考文献···································································358

第三部分水下结构与设备

第十九章水下管汇··························································363

一、引言···································································363

二、管汇结构·······························································367

三、管汇设计和分析·························································372

四、管道和基桩设计·························································381

五、水下管汇的安装·························································390

参考文献···································································397

第二十章···································································400

一、引言···································································400

二、PLEM的设计和分析······················································403

三、设计方法·······························································404

四、基础的尺寸设计·························································407

五、PLEM安装分析··························································410

参考文献···································································418

第二十一章水下链接和跨接管················································419

一、概述···································································419

二、跨接管组成和功能·······················································423

三、水下连接·······························································430

四、刚性跨接管的设计与分析·················································433

五、柔性跨接管设计与分析···················································434

参考文献···································································441

第二十二章水下采油树系统和井口装置········································442

一、介绍···································································442

二、水下完井概述···························································442

三、水下井口系统···························································443

四、水下采油树·····························································455

参考文献···································································475

第二十三章 ROV修井和接口··················································477

一、引言···································································477

二、ROV修井·······························································477

三、水下机器人系统·························································480

四、ROV接口工具···························································485

五、遥控工具(ROT)·························································491

参考文献···································································493

第三部分 水下脐带缆、立管与管道

第二十四章水下脐带缆······················································497

一、简介···································································497

二、水下脐带缆元件·························································498

三、水下脐带缆的设计·······················································499

四、附属设备·······························································504

五、系统联试·······························································507

六、安装···································································507

七、技术挑战和分析·························································509

八、脐带缆工业历程·························································514

参考文献···································································514

第二十五章钻井立管························································516

一、引言···································································516

二、浮式钻井设备···························································517

三、水下采油系统的重要组件·················································520

四、立管设计规范···························································521

五、钻井立管分析模型·······················································522

六、钻井立管分析方法·······················································523

参考文献···································································531

第二十六章水下生产立管····················································532

一、简介···································································532

二、钢质悬链线立管·························································536

三、顶部张紧立管···························································541

四、柔性立管·······························································544

五、混合立管·······························································549

参考文献···································································552

第二十七章海底管道························································555

一、引言···································································555

二、设计阶段和过程·························································556

三、管道FEED设计··························································559

四、管道的详细设计·························································561

五、管道设计分析···························································564

六、深水中HPHT管道面临的挑战··············································570

参考文献

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